Working shedding management reachs his to come true mediumly in PDM theoretically

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The article elaborated limits of setting of the basic idea that the job sheds, development, application, to the product PDM of data management system undertook introductory, more thorough specification job sheds management to reach its to realize a characteristic mediumly in PDM theoretically, shed the job successfully for the enterprise management is applied theoretically example was provided in PDM.

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The Chinese name of PDM manages for product data (Product Data Management) . PDM is one uses government all related to the product information (include information of file of spare parts information, configuration, documentation, CAD, structure, attributive to wait) and all related to the product process (include to the process is defined and manage) technology, PDM includes structure of data and documentation management, product and configuration management, component to classify library management, plan commonly / project management, process and job shed management 5 big functions. Business of software of PDM of before 3 big functions passes research of a few years and promotion, employment is adult already; The project manages the heat that is current PDM care with working shedding. After all what is project and job shed management, what is the object in their connotation in PDM and research? Inside article union job newest research achievement, the specification sheds general principle of management and method in the project in PDM and job. Working shedding is an idea that advances in the light of the groovy activity that fixed program has in the job. Through disclosing working activity disclosing working activity the definition good job, part, regulation and process undertake executive mixing monitoring, achieve the goal that raises production to organize level and work efficiency. The job sheds a technology to realized management target to provide advanced measure better for the enterprise. 1993, international job sheds administrative alliance (Workflow Management Coalition, wfMC) establish a mark to wear the phase that working shedding technology begins to enter opposite maturity. To realize different job abortion tastes the each other between to operate, the respect such as the relevant term that WfMC runs a system in working shedding, architecture and interface of applied process designing established a series of standards. Working shedding manages the job that alliance gives out to shed a definition is: Working shedding is to show whole or full automatic or what manage a process to fall in computer support partly is semi-automatic change. OK in actual condition more widely always by computer software system (working shedding runs a system) the process that controls its to carry out calls the job to flow. The mutual order that a working shedding includes a group of activities and them concerns, start and end a requirement what still include process and activity, and the description to every activity. System of working shedding management points to move in one or more job to shed engine to go up use at definition, implementation and administrative job to shed the system of a software that run, it and job shed executant (person, application) alternant, advance the job to shed the execution of example, and the moving position that monitoring job sheds. One, the profit that uses the job to shed management 1. Raise the standardization rate of business management; 2. Swim with fluctuation better the enterprise forms what answer the market quickly to supply catenary network; 3. Reduce the whole processing time of business course, if be in OA environment, work through planning better flow, collateral the deliver and stores temporarily time that the method such as the activity that carries out mutual independence, needless mediacy in reducing documentation to transfer a process will come to reduce documentation significantly. 2, the organization of notional traceable production that the generation background work of system of working shedding management sheds and OA domain. He is an idea that advances in the light of the activity that fixed program has in routine. The purpose is become many tasks, part through decomposing a specific work, pass certain regulation and course, restrain the execution of these tasks and monitoring, achieve raise an enterprise to produce management standard. In 20 centuries 80 time metaphase develops the job that rise to shed a technology to realized management target to provide advanced measure better for the enterprise. The 90 time development as the computer and network technology, this technology got apace develops, producing manufacturing industry field especially, combine advanced ERP application system to get better land applies. 1. The enterprise of increasingly intense demand that the market competes can undertake recombining quickly to its business course 2. The system of information of constant change demand of company business course can recombine quickly 3. Improving office efficiency and manufacturing efficiency is the main base that enhances company competition ability 4. Face the market and client demand enterprise to use process government (project management) with the process compositive method improves its level of management. 3, the development of working shedding technology and the development that use current situation job to shed a technology, through effort of ten years, obtain certain result. But in applying actually, applied company is less still, applied range is narrow, the effect is not ideal. The comprehensive sex of here and product, compositive sex is concerned, the state that also has company application is concerned, specific have the following: 1. The job sheds rock-bottom environment build the job to shed administrative system to must build the base that corresponds in ground floor, ability realizes distributinging computation, this wants additional pay funds and energy to undertake building, company place does not hope this, restricted the wide application in the enterprise thereby. 2. The model of a working shedding that the job that standardizes degree to differ different manufacturer place to offer sheds a product to have his to become independent, job shedding defines function of language, API. But be hard to undertake between different system alternant, compositive effect is not ideal, cannot undertake between different system the convenience of the repeated usage that resemble and data communicates applied is opposite conveniently. 3. Not good job sheds collect by nature of the system administrative system did not reach real ground compositive, still move independently in oneself, handle the simple flow business on a few administration, cannot very good connect the specific work processing system such as OA, ERP, CRM, SCM cheek by jowl together, achieve data to be typed can valid purpose. 4. The complexity of implementation carries out a complete work to shed administrative system, it is a complex process, the business that should know other application system, undertake flow handles flow of analysis, business transform, administrative regulations and operation standard are built etc. What and return must have different software vendor is main cooperate, the reason is the cause and effect that the enterprise knows all systems impossibly inside short time, be able to come true. 5. Systematic security is visited to erupting simultaneously in the system and unusually wrong lack is mixed correctly reliable support. Once systematic occurrence blame is exited normally, how restore data and assure consistency of data to still need to solve. 6. Business management person what the idea changes a system to carry out is good with bad, have close relationship with the controller of the enterprise. Should change the unreasonable flow way in handiwork management, system of application of computer of sufficient have the aid of will coach the job. Imagine a controller to often do not enter the computer application system of the enterprise, that end, how can make action of this system play is mixed improve level of management. Executive success of any application system labels even if: Successful = is used. At present the research of working shedding technology gets increasingly the attention of people, not only college and research organization are in begin supplier of multinomial research, product to also be in roll out new product ceaselessly, what in coming to compensatory applying, exist is insufficient. The main problem of research includes 3 fields: The academic base that the job spreads, include: System, model, language, interface; Working shedding implements a technology, include: The research of respect of function, dependability; The job sheds technical application, include: Executive method, application is compositive wait. 4, the relevant and basic idea that working shedding manages 1. The basic idea that the job sheds and definition worked 1993 shed administrative alliance to hold water, established relevant series standard, the definition that working shedding gave out in the meantime is: "Working shedding is a kind of management process that perhaps can carry out automatically completely partly, it can be according to a series of process regulation, documentation, information or task between different executive undertake delivering with executive " . Of course, still have other a few definitions, but a computer that basically explains " job flows is management process comes true, and the software environment " that system of working shedding management is this one implementation. Use job flows to regard the implementation of management process as the technology, ask the job sheds a system to be able to reflect the problem of a few following respects of management process above all: What is management process (activity, task) , how to do (condition, regular) , will do by who (organization, part) , do how (monitoring) . The definition of system of working shedding management is: "System of working shedding management is system of a software, it completes the definition that the job sheds and management, shed logic to advance the job to shed the executive " of example according to good in the predefine in the computer job. The job sheds a system to be different from ERP system. ERP system is the clerical processing system that faces a function, the business that contented company wants on older rate handles a function (contain a part to secure flow mode, flexibility is defective) , specific solve a certain or the problem of certain domain, raise the efficiency that general affairs handles and level; The starting point of system of working shedding management is to face the market, client, it is the business processing level that raises an enterprise in the whole business layer of the enterprise, the market consciousness of aggrandizement enterprise. Those who run a system flow to prop up in the job, adopt system of compositive and particular business application software (ERP, CRM, SCM) , ability achieves the support that to the enterprise management process runs goodly, inside wider range, different time does the management of good business on span, enhance the integral level of the enterprise and competition ability. 2. The job sheds the architecture job that runs a system to shed administrative system is supportive industry management process is efficient carry out and its carry out monitoring the computer software system of the process. " normally, working shedding manages a system to point to those who move on the one or more software that calls working shedding machine to be used at definition, implementation and administrative job to shed the system of a software that run, it and job shed executant (person, application) alternant, advance the job to shed the execution of example, and the moving position that monitoring job sheds. What need to emphasize pointing out here is the business system that system of working shedding management is not an enterprise. Greatly, the business system that working shedding runs a system to be an enterprise moves offer a software to prop up an environment, special be similar to the operating system on individual computer. Just work bigger, environment compares the limits that sheds administrative system to prop up complex just, so also person job sheds administrative system is business operating system (BOS - Business Operating System) . Those who run a system flow to prop up in the job, carry compositive and specific business application software and the interfacial operation that operate personnel, ability achieves the support that manages a process to move to the enterprise quite goodly. So, system of working shedding management is in an enterprise or the applied process in management process of the branch is system of application software of a business is compositive with executive process. System of working shedding management can be used definition and carry out different cover range (between single worker, branch, entire company, enterprise) , different time span (minute, hour, day, month) management process. This depends on completely the requirement that uses background actually. What become complex degree of the activity according to management process and group is different, working shedding manages a system to be able to adopt a lot of planting to carry out means, in different executive kind, technology of the IT of place application, communication can have very big difference with the construction of system that prop up. What working shedding runs a system is actual moving environment can be all business section that perhaps is in entire company in interior of a working group. Shed technical standardization and open sex to realize the job, the job of different compose sheds management between system and other application system compositive, alliance of working shedding government put forward the job to shed the referenced model that runs systematic architecture, the standard in this model functional composition component and interface. Referenced graph pursues 1. From the graph in the architecture of 1, we can see, system of working shedding management is main content distributes a share. Software component: Finish the implementation of corresponding function, include flow process definition, of flow initiate, examine and approve, monitoring, end. The system dominates data: Store this system and other system have the data such as condition of logistic processing, flow control, regular, tie, condition, result. Other application and applied data: Shed the exterior application that the system transfers and data for the job. 3. Software component of the system passes an analysis, we can see, the software component of system of working shedding management is the main component part that implementation job sheds management, responsible and whole job sheds basic function of management to come true. It includes: The job sheds a model to build, the job sheds executive service, the client uses government. The job sheds a model to build: The job shed a model to describe all information that can spread executive service, executive process place to need by the job, it is the foundation of system of working shedding management. It can use the tool building a model of tripartite, visualize builds flow model, concern through interface, build the control data that systematic place needs; The technological process that also can carry systematic itself is defined, generate control data directly. In flow definition, want to include: The substance such as the application of condition of flow, activity, changeover, relevant data, part, need. The job sheds executive service: The job sheds executive service is the core of system of working shedding management. The task that it is process of battalion of already of look forward to attempers implement. Build in the process after ending, will carry out a service to undertake comprehensive management, monitoring is mixed by working shedding attemper specific example is carried out. Include: The example of the process is changed and carry out, undertake attempering for process and activity, as alternant as exterior resource, processing is relevant data. The client uses government: It is the administrative module that the client operates particular job and activity, be in charge of what the job sheds the job in task watch distributing management. The task management in can running a working shedding the system implement offer a client; In the meantime, also can abort in the light of many jobs taste or product of many application system, write current task management implement, those who have a system is compositive; 4. The data that systematic data classifies the job to shed the memory in running a system can divide into: Working shedding dominates data, it is the job sheds executive service to undertake controlling to its, use at handling process or mobile example; Relevant data, control the condition that process example condition changes, decide relevant logic is moved toward, can be revised by application; Use data, it is the data that shows by application the program is operated, reflective is the actual content information of specific professional work, it is flow has in whole technological process. Actually, before two data are the data that the itself in system of working shedding management needs, the 3rd kind of data is the business data in other system. In the process that undertakes business is handled, the data that can change ERP construction of system is in the process that has flow control, pass the control of one-time data input, flow, produce particular applied system automatically to finally, will improve the biggest efficiency of whole system; In the meantime, the visit of the pertinent information in ERP system, what will conduce to example of a process is final and decision-making. Accordingly, the data in ERP application system can flow in the job be mixed to update by effective visit in the system, will be crucial. 5. Of other application in calling the job to shed management to the system is being designed and be carried out, must offer enough flexible, will satisfy the need of different application. Undertaking with different applied system alternant when, want to provide enough flexibility. Can build applied interface standard and the API function that provide a standard to undertake between different system alternant; Can build call a passageway neatly, the application in calling ERP system directly undertakes general affairs is handled, this kind is called can be in distributing and undertake between the system of different compose. 5, the business course that classification of system of working shedding management realizes according to place, system of working shedding management can divide it is 4 kinds: 1) management job flows (Administrative Workflow) : Can be defined beforehand in the activity in this kind of job shedding and a simple task coordinates regulation, for example, the curricular take as an elective course in the university, the degree after the paper that finish applies for to wait. 2) set job flows (Ad Hoc Workflow) : Shed likeness with management job, but use processing commonly the state of affairs with hair unusual or can less lease of life, it is the circumstance that appears only even sometimes, this and participation user are concerned. 3) cooperation job flows (Collaborative Workflow) : The time of participator and cooperation is more. Happen possibly on a measure a few times repeatedly until get some kind of result, return before returning one phase possibly even. Job of 4) type of production flows (Production Workflow) : The job that realizes important business course flows, the job with the direct and relevant function that organizes with business especially flows. Shed photograph comparing with management job, job of type of production flows to apply below the large-scale, complex environment with different compose commonly, whole process can involve a lot of people and different organization. Implement a technology according to ground floor, can taste working abortion cent to be 3 kinds: 1) is a center with communication: It is rock-bottom communication mechanism with email. The job of this kind of type sheds administrative system to agree with cooperation job flows and inaccuracy finalizes the design the job flows, and unwell at type of production the job flows. 2) is a center with documentation: Be based on documentation road by, its alternant ability with outside application is limited. It is OK that a lot of managements that are based on a watch job flows documentation of in order to sheds implementation for central job. 3) is a center with the process: This kind of job sheds job of systematic correspondence type of production. They are built commonly on the database, appropriative communication equipment is made and oneself were offerred with exterior undertake interactive interface. The job that sheds systematic place to use according to different job those who deliver a mechanism is different, the working shedding product on the market can differentiate again it is 4 kinds: 1. The job that is based on a file sheds systematic to finish the job in order to share the means of the file deliver. Development of this sort product gets the earliest, development breed of the most mature, its product is more. Have the InConcert of the FlowMark of the Visual WorkFlow of FileNet, IBM, InConcert on behalf of the product. 2. The job that is based on a message sheds systematic to pass documentation information through the email system of the user. The product of this kind of type is offerred commonly with one plant or the compositive interface of a variety of email systems. The Keyflow of company of the InTempo of company of the Ensemble that has Novell and FileNet joint development on behalf of the product, JetForm, Keyfile. 3. The job that is based on Web sheds systematic to achieve the cooperation of the task through WWW. This kind of product starts later (after be in 95 years) , but development is rapid, its market prospect very value. A lot of suppliers improve original product in succession or development new product is opposite with increasing the support of Web. Have the Ultimus of company of the ActionWorks Metro of Action Technologies company, Ultimus on behalf of the product. 4. Group with although,cover a systematic this kind of product and above 3 kinds of products of the introduction deliver the jackknife that there is very old rate on means in the task, but be necessary to differentiate them into alone however here a kind, because this kind of product needs to rely on the applied infrastructure of own system, include a message to deliver, service of database and catalog service, safety administration, documentation government, their itself constituted a whole application development environment. The GroupWise of company of the Office of company of the Lotus Notes that has IBM/Lotus company on behalf of the product, Microsoft and Exchange, Novell. 6, the applied limits of working shedding technology and limits of executive measure application 1. Company business course builds model and business course analysis, the understanding with the clearer person that assist business management its business course, the problem that in discovering business course, exists and function bottleneck 2. The standardization design that supports system of business management information and project management 3. Supportive industry knowledge is gotten and intellectual put sb in a very important position 4. The job of 3 level executive measure that support is carried out automatically of company business course and monitoring job sheds administrative system to carry out sheds administrative system to be different from ERP and system of average business management information, ERP and system of average business management information are clerical processing system, its are main the purpose is function of operation of contented company business, raise the efficiency that business work handles and level. The business from enterprise whole looks on flow and goal of camp of already of look forward to, general bureau be confined to solves clerical processing system the problem of a certain certain perhaps domain; The another limitation of clerical processing system is it the particular operation problem that general bureau be confined to solves enterprise interior, face enterprise interior function, is not to face the market and the system that face a client. The starting point of system of working shedding management is to face the market, face a client, the capacity of the market consciousness that its target is enterprise of the business processing level that raises an enterprise in the business layer of whole industry, aggrandizement, meet an emergency that increases pair of markets. Because the job sorts the difference with administrative system and notable existence of processing system of common general affairs, working shedding manages a system to also be different from average clerical processing system on the executive method of the enterprise. Should carry out the job to shed administrative system to want to be on strategic administrative levels above all the business end to the enterprise undertakes an analysis, decide the strategic goal of the enterprise and organization ask. After finishing analysis of company strategy goal and job to shed executive strategy, working shedding manages systematic ability to enter real executive phase quite. System of working shedding management applies general component mediumly to be 3 phase in effective system, namely the model builds example of level, model to change level and model to carry out level. The model builds level to shed the tool that build a model to finish an enterprise to manage the building of process model through using the job, the job that will manage computer of process translate into actually of the enterprise to be able to be handled sheds a model. The example of the model changes level to finish the parameter that for every process set moving place needs, the resource that allocates every activity to implement a need (include resource, personnel, application) . The model carries out level to finish the execution of management process, main in this process task is to finish interactive with application carry out, undertake to the executive circumstance of process and activity monitoring and dog. XTPDM job sheds project of administrative technological process to manage is integral control, working shedding management is the management that data of a specific target sheds. When undertaking working drifting demand to reach building a model, must draw corresponding data flow (DFD) . XTPDM job sheds those who include documentation to carry out with refer: Task executant is designed in using a program / the work out is over after documentation, can refer PDM, produce data boy or girl friend. Evaluate a course: Logarithm occupies an object (documentation) the one part of treatment. After evaluation controller logs onto a system, accept evaluation job automatically, then undertakes to documentation the opinion decides and whether to pass. Data file: After documentation evaluation is passed, undertake evaluating turning over autograph and data file to its; The job sheds an end. XTPDM job sheds management is the execution with task documentation, evaluation and file give priority to a line, the implementation, subsystem that controls microcosmic processing process. Last word job sheds administrative idea to abound, it is literal specification mostly however. The article uses common method, described PDM project and job to shed administrative definition and research target. Go up from theory for, working shedding manages flow chart to cover business demand basically, but apply differ in thousands ways actually, need does the likelihood to be adjusted accordingly. The successful case that PDM project and job shed management to be in domestic company does not calculate too much, this need industry and enterprise try hard together. Tell substantially, the method that drafts company business flow in PDM system upper mould through building a model is feasible, but once involve project and technological process, the administrative issue with the complex numerous and complicated such as the personnel that matter to, standard exceeded the category of software again. Accordingly, before executive project and job shed management, must make clear demand, responsibility reachs the designated position, cogent generation project administers due benefit. Face intense with each passing day commercial competition environment, what we need is more synthesization, compositive the strategic solution that change, work probably the occurrence that sheds administrative technique is a kind inevitable. But be worth us thoughtful is, working shedding manages introducing is the change with administrative idea and administrative business closely related, it is not the panacea with one all-purpose post, is you see abroad the case that also a lot of companies carry out business flow to recombine failure? However, we cannot generate fear to this exotic from this. His Shan Zhishi, can attack jade. We answer to introduce what working shedding manages regard good luck that improve or recombines flow of business of our country company as. Consequently, development accords with the job of our country national condition to shed administrative system, apply effectively at the enterprise, supportive business flow recombines, increase enterprise benefit and competitive capacity, what use working shedding government in PDM theoretically is a reality in application of CIMS of our country enterprise, pressing, very significant task. CNC Milling CNC Machining